Climate change, caused by human greenhouse gas emissions, is putting the future of the Hajj in Mecca at risk with a growing threat of dangerous heat stress for pilgrims. Current climate policies put the world on track for around 2.7°C warming before 2100 years. At this level of global warming, Hajjes in the summer would be especially dangerous, with 97% of summer reaching the ‘danger’ threshold, and about one in five reaching the ‘extreme danger’ threshold, a level never before experienced at Mecca. The greatest impact on reducing warming will come from the highest-emitting countries, but without widespread international action - including from large Muslim-majority countries - it will not be possible to protect the Hajj.
Report 2022 - Impact of Climate Policies on The Hajj (ARA)Download file
Report 2022 - Impact of Climate Policies on The Hajj (ENG)Download file
Report 2022 - Impact of Climate Policies on The Hajj (TUR)Download file